The 4 Gospels Christian Network
 

Question: Does the Bible contain contradictions about who are the 12 apostles?

Answer: Not at all. The Bible gives us a clear pattern so we can know not only who the apostles were, but also with what other apostles they were associated. The secret is in the lists of apostles themselves, given clearly in the Bible.

Eliminating the Differences

There are four lists. Each shows three groups of four apostles. When grouped, we can see many similarities between them. They answer our questions very simply.

Let’s group them up. I’ve highlighted the words that are the same between all four lists.

Matthew 10:2-4 Mark 3:16-19 Luke 6:13-16 Acts 1:13, 16-19
Simon Peter, Andrew, James & John Simon Peter, James, John & Andrew Simon Peter, Andrew, James & John Peter, James, John & Andrew
Philip, Bartholomew, Thomas & Matthew the publican Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew & Thomas Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew & Thomas Philip, Thomas, Bartholomew & Matthew
James son of Alphaeus, Lebbaeus Thaddaeus, Simon the Canaanite & Judas Iscariot James son of Alphaeus, Thaddaeus, Simon the Canaanite & Judas Iscariot James son of Alphaeus, Simon Zelotes, Judas brother of James & Judas Iscariot James son of Alphaeus, Simon Zelotes & Judas brother of James (Judas is dead)

The names that are not exactly the same in all four lists are:

Matthew 10:2-4 Mark 3:16-19 Luke 6:13-16 Acts 1:13, 16-19
Matthew the publican Matthew Matthew Matthew
Lebbaeus Thaddaeus Thaddaeus Judas brother of James Judas brother of James
Simon the Canaanite Simon the Canaanite Simon Zelotes Simon Zelotes
Judas Iscariot Judas Iscariot Judas Iscariot (Judas, which was guide to them which took Jesus)

So our differences come down to these:

  • It's pretty obvious that Matthew is "Matthew the publican." No problem here.
  • Lebbaeus surnamed Thaddeus, is Judas brother of James. “Lebbaeus” means “a man of heart.” “Thaddaeus” means “large-hearted” or “courageous.” Both were terms of endearment, nicknames of the second apostle named Judas. They are one and the same.
  • Simon the Canaanite is Simon Zelotes. The term “Zelotes” means "zealot." "Canaanite" simply describes where he is from, and "Zelotes" tells us he was a political zealot. Same guy.

As we can see, these lists do not contradict each other. May God bless us as we read and do not doubt His preserved words in English.

 

 
Webdesign by
EYE
© 2007-2017  The 4 Gospels Christian Network (All rights reserved)